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The ancestors of Abidakho and Abisukha are believed to have been brothers just like the founders of Babukusu and Bagisu of Uganda or Maragoli and Gusii.  Those who settled to the north of Lukose (River Yala) were called Isukha and Idakho those to the south.  According to oral legend, the names of these ancestors are Mwisukha and Mwitakho, the former and latter being the elder and junior, respectively.  Other reports dismiss the putative brotherhood linkage and point to disparate clans that populated these polities from different ancestries.  According to historian, Dr. John Osogo, the connection between these two neighbors is more lexical than ancestral Isukha (means forward or first) and Idakho (means backward or lower).  The Nandi called them Kakumega, the name of which was first chronicled by Joseph Thomson, the first Whiteman to come to Luyialand in 1883.

Nonetheless, Abisukha (also spelt Abesukha) are a proud people with rich customs and traditions.  They have lived for centuries in the forest habitat of Kakamega, a land they fondly refer to as Eshieywe.  Abisukha, Abidakho, Abatiriki and Babukusu are perhaps the last strong outposts of traditional cultural practices in modern Buluyia. They worship isikuti (small long drum) the beats of which they dance lipala, a unique style in which they rhythmically gyrate shoulders back and forth.  They are largely credited with inventing isikuti which spread to other subnations and is now nationally associated with all Luyia. Isikuti was popularized in Kenya through the national schools and colleges’ music festivals as well as during football matches involving AFC Leopards, the soccer club largely associated with the Luyia.  Oral mythology says the name derives from an incident in which a Whiteman was entertained by drummers and later commented “it’s good” which the Luyia transliterated to isi-kuti. In November 2014, Unesco declared Isikuti an endangered cultural Luyia cultural heritage worthy of international conservation. Besides isikuti dancing ceremonies, their other love affair is bullfighting, a traditional sport that commands a fanatical following.  An attempt in 2008 to bring the sport to the national stage in Nairobi was thwarted after spirited opposition from animal rights activists who termed it a blood sport. 

For more information read Luyia Nation: Origins, Clans and Taboos by Shadrack Amakoye Bulimo (2013)