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The migratory history of Abidakho (also called Abetakho or Abitakho) is largely intertwined with the rest of Luyia subnations who point to Misri (Egypt) as their original land.  The rest is defined by clan superiority and warfare.  An interesting aspect to the genealogy of Abidakho is the link with Maasai and Nandi.  Prof. Gideon Were (1967), the acclaimed historian on Abaluyia, says that the founder of dominant Abashimuli clan was Kasamu Naluse, a Maasai immigrant.  Kasamu (Chasam) first lived at Sang’alo in Bungoma before moving to Butsotso where he married a local girl, Ashimuli who bore him many sons.  When Kasamu moved to Idakho, one of his sons remained behind and is believed to be the founder of Abashibuli clan in Butsotso.  He was welcomed to Idakho territory with his family (now known as Abashimuli) by the then omwami (leader) called Ashisira, founder of Abashisira, the aboriginal clandom.  Kasamu integrated with Abidakho and gained such popularity with local people that he became ruler of the combined Abashisira and his own Abashimuli clan. 

Meanwhile, his clansmen abandoned Maasai culture and language and adopted Olwidakho.   The Tachoni ethnographer, Demmahom Lihraw (2010), however, says that Kasamu led his Chepruko (Abachimuluku) clansmen from Soy following a family dispute and settled in Kakamega.  Here they intermarried with Abashisira the offspring of which produced the people now known as Abashimuli.  Another important fact to note is that the founders of Abidakho and Abisukha are believed to have been brothers.  Although some oral narrators believe these were called Omwitakho and Omwisukha, it is notable that many clans in Isukha and Idakho populated these polities from different directions.  Some scholars, notably Dr. John Osogo (1966) say Isukha means “upper” while Idakho means “lower” in reference to settlement of these subnations south and north of River Yala (Lukose), respectively.   Not only are they neighbors, the two share similar cultural traits not least, their love of isikuti dance and bullfighting.

For more information, read Luyia Nation: Origins, Clans and Taboos by Shadrack Amakoye Bulimo (2013)