Further History of Luhya


The people of Marachi Location are known to have come from Elgon area although other clans of the same group came from Egypt. They came in canoes on the River Nile as far as Jinja, Uganda and later moved eastward into L. Victoria. They changed course until Asembo and separated with the Luo who walked along the lake shore but the rest crossed into South Nyanza.

They then turned northwards and reached Butere and then moved on to Luanda and to Ekhomo. The Luo were behind them right from Egypt.

The Abaguri lived near the Lake at Ibanda in Busoga and migrated into Khaenderesi in south Iteso in Busia and afterwards into Sirabale in Bukhayo.

The clan of the Abafofoyo came from Bunyoro and moved into Buganda and crossed the Nile into Busoga and later moved into Bunyala close to the lake at Port Victoria. They then crossed the Nzoia River and went into the now North Ugenya and settled there. They dispersed into North Ugenya and beyond as far as the Kholera river and northwards. They spread out as far as Nzoia, the Sibo River and farther to Kholera river.

The people of Samia Location came from Egypt on foot. This Abasamia clan moved into Mukono in Uganda and later left the place and entered the Lake in boats to Sikulu Island, and later into Lwambwa in Bunyala and then spread out into the district.

The Abakhekhe clan originated from Egypt on foot and moved into Tororo and later into Busoga by canoe. They then left Busoga and migrated into Ibanda whereby some remained there and lived close to Owiny who was then in Alego.

The Abakangala clan originated from Sigulu Island in L. Victoria and then moved on to Bugiri in Busoga; Ebwayi and then on to Murende Hill on the border between Samia and Marachi and into Tukwa in Bukhayoand then on to Budimbidi and Bukangala in Samia. Evidence to the committee of Land Tenure in North Kavirondo, 1945 says:

"we have no tradition of any migration. Our clan has never been anywhere else', which includes the Abamasaba clan, Abashikulu clan and the Abashimuli clan in Idakho Location."

A tale is told of sub-tribe of the Abashisha and the Abamasamia, Kasama Masai who spoke the Maasai language and lived in a placed called Ebuchimi. He moved from Maasai country in search of pasture and came with his brother-in-law, Ebaba who became the ancestor of the Abashirotsa (Kokwany). The migrants left Maasai country and moved into Kapsabet and Tiriki and into Ebushimuli in Idakho. Sons were born to Kasam and they later separated, others went on, but Kasam remained in Idakho and adopted Olwitakho while others adopted Olushisa.

The Bantu in Gem can be traced back to the North Nyanza Bantu before the year 1925 AD. Among them are the Bamani and the Bahoware, some of whose relations are still living in South Nyanza. The Bantu people of Nyanza province originally hived off from the (Bantu) tribe which lives in the country of South Africa. They took a route passing through Kisii and into Mumbo and then on to Nyakach, they then moved on to Kisumu and into Nyang'ori and Tiriki, and took a route eastwards and settled at Idakho. After clashing with the people of Idakho, they left for Gem and came to a place called Huluwini and settled at Malombo in Sigose area. They were later joined by the Abalukano, who came in and settled at Maliera.

The Bakhoware left Idakho after some trouble and settled at Ukamburi, Yala and then moved on Anyiko, and on again into Matiri and to Unyala and settled in Lwanda where they now live. 

Abachoni clan originally came from Egypt in canoes and were initially called the Abatachoni, who moved into Sirikwa in the Rift Valley, passed Elgon to Tororo, saw the Lake Victoria in the far south and moved into Emwalie in Malikisi and on into Mushisembe in south Bukusu where they found the Abakabrasi and mixed with them and lived there before later separating.

The first group the Abachoni moved into Sang'alo and into Navakholo and Mwivukha in Bunyala, Mwisivirie at Misi's in Bunyala and into Makhukhuni in North Kabras. While the second group the Abakabrasi left Mushisembe into Ematungu, then into Eshimuli, Khunderema in Bunyala, Khungotse and into Khulukume in south Kabras. 

The people of Marama Location consist of the Abatere and Abamanyulia clan. The Abatere clan lived formally in Tiriki and moved to Khwisero and Muwange in Kisa before going into Marama at a place called Khwibitiro, and then into Khushiachi, Inombera and Butere in Marama where they settled and gradually dispersed.

The Abamanyamulia walked along the lake shore (Victoria) until they reached Ebudimo (Kadimo) and settled there, a place which is now a Luo country. However, the original inhabitants were Bantu, though it is believed that they became assimilated
into the Luo community. 

The people of Bukusu whose origin was in Egypt, came up the River Nile to Esamoya (Jinja) and moved into Mbayi and Sirikwa where they found soil suitable for settlement and lived there before moving into Namarare in Bugishu and Solokho, then into Ebwayi in south Teso near Tororo. They later migrated into Bukubu where they lived, although some went back to Sirikwa.

sources: 
i) Western Kenya, Historical Texts, Gideon S. Were 
ii) Kenya an official handbook
iii) Story of Africa from the earliest times, Book one, A.J. Willis 
iv) Longman GHC, E S Atieno Odhiambo, John N B, N I Were

 

 

 

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